🇬🇧SMALL CELLO 🇪🇦PEQUENO VIOLONCHELO 🇮🇹 VIOLONCELLO PICCOLO

Cello made by Antica liuteria Herrera – Valli

Classification:
Compound chordophones, with strings parallel to the harmonic case. Bow Family Use Baroque

Music extension

🇬🇧 The Small Cello

General informations
Compound chordophones, with strings parallel to the harmonic case, arched Use Baroque music

arm cello

The small cello is an instrument identical to the cello but of small size which, perhaps, fulfilled the role of tenor by overlapping in the coverage of the space, between viola and cello, occupied by the tenor viola (arm), another instrument that disappeared in modern times. It is equipped with 4 or 5 strings in the tuning do-sol-re-la-mi, do-sol-re-la-re, or in the version with four strings sol-re-la-mi, sol-re-la- re or more rarely with the same cello tuning: do-sol-re-la. Probably these are residual instruments derived from the time when the classical forms of the whole “violin” family were not yet conventionally established. See “small violin” in First Brandenburg Concerto (BWV 1046) by J.S.Bach, or, in the grave register the Basse de Violon present in France at least until the end of the 17th century, It is played in a similar way to the cello.

Repertoire Giovanni Battista Sammartini, Concerto in C major for small cello and strings

This tool is used by Johann Sebastian Bach in:

Bleib bei uns, denn es will Abend werden (BWV 6)

Jesu, nun sei gepreiset (BWV 41)

Ich geh und suche mit Verlangen (BWV 49)

Also hat Gott die Welt geliebt (BWV 68)

Gott ist mein König (BWV 71)

Ich bin ein guter Hirt (BWV 85)

Mache dich, mein Geist, bereit (BWV 115)

Er rufet seinen Schafen mit Namen (BWV 175)

Schmücke dich, o liebe Seele (BWV 180)

Sie werden euch in den Bann tun (BWV 183)

Mein Herze schwimmt im Blut (BWV 199)

According to most scholars, the small five-string cello is also the instrument for which Bach’s sixth solo cello suite BWV 1012 is written. According to historical reconstructions of the past, the instrument for which the sixth suite was written would be the pompous viola, however this hypothesis presents numerous problems and today it is believed that this suite was written more likely for the small cello. Mark Mervyn Smith claims that towards the end of the 18th century, the name of the small 5-string cello began to be given the name pomposa viola, which until then had been used for an unidentified high weave instrument.

Transcripts

Many pieces for cello, viola da gamba, arpeggione and violin (in the latter case especially the sonatas and matches for solo violin) are transcribed for small cello and there are numerous recordings. Famous is the recording of all the cello suites played only by Anner Bijlsma (the sixth with a small cello).

The small cello is an instrument identical to the cello but of small size which, perhaps, fulfilled the role of tenor by overlapping in the coverage of the space, between viola and cello, occupied by the tenor viola (arm), another instrument that disappeared in modern times. It is equipped with 4 or 5 strings in the tuning do-sol-re-la-mi, do-sol-re-la-re, or in the version with four strings sol-re-la-mi, sol-re-la- re or more rarely with the same cello tuning: do-sol-re-la. Probably these are residual instruments derived from the time when the classical forms of the whole “violin” family were not yet conventionally established. See “small violin” in First Brandenburg Concerto (BWV 1046) by J.S.Bach, or, in the grave register the Basse de Violon present in France at least until the end of the 17th century, It is played in a similar way to the cello.

➡️https://youtu.be/QmsbalMur9k

🛑Please follow me  on my channel, on my facebook page or on my blog a lot of surprises for you. I am collecting for you numerous illustrious testimonies that explain the music clearly and in depth and to share with you great masterpieces of Music.  Good vision and see you next time! 😉
➡️ https://m.facebook.com/Pier-Paolo-Maccarrone-cellist-violist-conductor-294050727943994/
➡️ https://www.youtube.com/user/cellista1978
➡️ https://pierpaolomaccarrone.com/
✉️maccarronepierpaolo@gmail.com

🇪🇦 Pequeño violonchelo

Información general
Chordophones compuestos, con cuerdas paralelas a la caja armónica, arqueada Use en la música barroca

Extension

El pequeño violonchelo es un instrumento idéntico al violoncelo pero de pequeño tamaño que, quizás, cumplió el papel de tenor al superponerse en la cobertura del espacio, entre viola y cello, ocupado por la viola tenor (brazo), otro instrumento que desapareció en los tiempos modernos. Está equipado con 4 o 5 cuerdas en la afinación do-sol-re-la-mi, do-sol-re-la-re, o en la versión con cuatro cuerdas sol-re-la-mi, sol-re-la- re o más raramente con la misma afinación de violonchelo: do-sol-re-la. Probablemente estos son instrumentos residuales derivados de la época en que las formas clásicas de toda la familia del “violín” aún no se habían establecido convencionalmente. Ver “violín pequeño” en el Primer Concierto de Brandeburgo (BWV 1046) de J.S.Bach, o, en el registro de la tumba, el Basse de Violon presente en Francia al menos hasta finales del siglo XVII, se toca de manera similar al violonchelo.

brazo cello

REPERTORIO Giovanni Battista Sammartini, Concierto en do mayor para violonchelo y cuerdas pequeñas

Johann Sebastian Bach utiliza esta herramienta en:

Bleib bei uns, denn es Will Abend werden (BWV 6)

Jesu, monja sei gepreiset (BWV 41)

Ich geh und suche mit Verlangen (BWV 49)

También sombrero Gott die Welt geliebt (BWV 68)

Gott ist mein König (BWV 71)

Ich bin ein guter Hirt (BWV 85)

Mache dich, mein Geist, bereit (BWV 115)

Er rufet seinen Schafen mit Namen (BWV 175)

Schmücke dich, o liebe Seele (BWV 180)

Sie werden euch en den Bann tun (BWV 183)

Mein Herze schwimmt im Blut (BWV 199)

Según la mayoría de los estudiosos, el pequeño violonchelo de cinco cuerdas también es el instrumento para el cual está escrita la sexta suite para violonchelo BWV 1012 de Bach. Según las reconstrucciones históricas del pasado, el instrumento para el que se escribió la sexta suite sería la viola pomposa, sin embargo, esta hipótesis presenta numerosos problemas y hoy se cree que esta suite es fue escrito muy probablemente para el pequeño violonchelo. Mark Mervyn Smith afirma que hacia fines del siglo XVIII, el nombre del pequeño violonchelo de 5 cuerdas comenzó a recibir el nombre de pomposa viola, que hasta entonces se había utilizado para un instrumento de alto tejido no identificado.

Transcripciones

Muchas piezas para violonchelo, viola da gamba, arpeggione y violín (en este último caso, especialmente sonatas y fósforos para violín solo) se transcriben para violonchelo pequeño y hay numerosas grabaciones. Famosa es la grabación de todas las suites para violonchelo interpretadas solo por Anner Bijlsma (la sexta con un pequeño violonchelo).

➡️https://youtu.be/QmsbalMur9k

🛑Please follow me  on my channel, on my facebook page or on my blog a lot of surprises for you. I am collecting for you numerous illustrious testimonies that explain the music clearly and in depth and to share with you great masterpieces of Music.  Good vision and see you next time! 😉
➡️ https://m.facebook.com/Pier-Paolo-Maccarrone-cellist-violist-conductor-294050727943994/
➡️ https://www.youtube.com/user/cellista1978
➡️ https://pierpaolomaccarrone.com/
✉️maccarronepierpaolo@gmail.com

🇮🇹 Violoncello piccolo

Informazioni generali
Cordofoni composti, con corde parallele alla cassa armonica, ad arco.

Uso Musica barocca

Estensione

Il violoncello piccolo è uno strumento identico al violoncello ma di ridotte dimensioni che, forse, assolveva il ruolo di tenore sovrapponendosi nella copertura dello spazio, tra viola e violoncello, occupato dalla viola tenore (da braccio), altro strumento scomparso in epoca moderna. È dotato di 4 o 5 corde nell’accordatura do-sol-re-la-mi, do-sol-re-la-re, oppure nella versione con quattro corde sol-re-la-mi, sol-re-la-re o più raramente con la stessa accordatura del violoncello: do-sol-re-la. Probabilmente si tratta di strumenti residuali derivati dall’epoca in cui non erano ancora convenzionalmente stabilite le forme classiche di tutta la famiglia dei “violini”. Vedi “violino piccolo” in Primo Concerto brandeburghese (BWV 1046) di J.S.Bach, o, nel registro grave i Basse de Violon presenti in Francia almeno sino a fine ‘600, Si suona in modo analogo al violoncello.

Violoncello da braccio

REPERTORIO                       Giovanni Battista Sammartini, Concerto in Do maggiore per violoncello piccolo e archi

Tale strumento è utilizzato da Johann Sebastian Bach in:

Bleib bei uns, denn es will Abend werden (BWV 6)

Jesu, nun sei gepreiset (BWV 41)

Ich geh und suche mit Verlangen (BWV 49)

Also hat Gott die Welt geliebt (BWV 68)

Gott ist mein König (BWV 71)

Ich bin ein guter Hirt (BWV 85)

Mache dich, mein Geist, bereit (BWV 115)

Er rufet seinen Schafen mit Namen (BWV 175)

Schmücke dich, o liebe Seele (BWV 180)

Sie werden euch in den Bann tun (BWV 183)

Mein Herze schwimmt im Blut (BWV 199)

Secondo la maggioranza degli studiosi, il violoncello piccolo a cinque corde è anche lo strumento per cui è scritta la sesta suite per violoncello solo BWV 1012 di Bach. Secondo ricostruzioni storiche del passato, lo strumento per cui fu scritta la sesta suite sarebbe la viola pomposa, tuttavia tale ipotesi presenta numerosi problemi e oggi invece si ritiene che tale suite sia stata scritta più verosimilmente per il violoncello piccolo. Mark Mervyn Smith sostiene che verso la fine del XVIII secolo si sia cominciato a dare al violoncello piccolo a 5 corde il nome di viola pomposa, che fino a quel momento era stato utilizzato per uno strumento non ben identificato di tessitura alta.

Trascrizioni

Molti brani per violoncello, viola da gamba, arpeggione e violino (in quest’ultimo caso specialmente le sonate e partite per violino solo) vengono trascritti per violoncello piccolo e ve ne sono numerose registrazioni. Celebre è la registrazione di tutte le suites per violoncello solo suonate da Anner Bijlsma (la sesta con un violoncello piccolo).

➡️https://youtu.be/QmsbalMur9k

🛑Please follow me  on my channel, on my facebook page or on my blog a lot of surprises for you. I am collecting for you numerous illustrious testimonies that explain the music clearly and in depth and to share with you great masterpieces of Music.  Good vision and see you next time! 😉
➡️ https://m.facebook.com/Pier-Paolo-Maccarrone-cellist-violist-conductor-294050727943994/
➡️ https://www.youtube.com/user/cellista1978
➡️ https://pierpaolomaccarrone.com/
✉️maccarronepierpaolo@gmail.com


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